Goat is a multi functional animal and plays a significant role in the economy as well in nutrition of landless, small and marginal farmers in the country. For this reason, Mahatma Gandhi said goat as “Poor Man’s Cow”. Goat rearing is an enterprise which is practiced by a large section of population in rural areas. Goats can efficiently survive on available shrubs and trees in adverse harsh environment in low fertility lands where no other crop can be grown.
In pastoral and agricultural subsistence societies in India, goats are kept as a source of additional income and as an insurance against disaster. Goats are also used in ceremonial feastings and for the payment of social dues.
In addition to this, goat has religious and ritualistic importance in many societies. The advantages of goat rearing are:
- The initial investment needed for Goat farming is low.
- Due to small body size and docile nature, housing requirements and managemental problems with goats are less.
- Goats are friendly animals and enjoy being with the people.
- Goats are prolific breeders and achieve sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 months. Gestation period in goats is short and at the age of 16-17 months it starts giving milk. Twinning and triplets is very common and quadruplets, pentavalents and hexavalent kidding have been reported in project area.
- Unlike large animals in commercial farm conditions both male and female goats have equal value.
- Goat milk is easy to digest than cow milk because of small fat globules and is naturally homogenized. Goat milk is said to play a role in improving appetite and digestive efficiency. Goat milk is non allergic as compared to cow milk and it has anti-fungal and anti bacterial properties and can be used for treating urogenital diseases of fungal origin.
- Goat creates employment to the rural poor besides effectively utilizing unpaid family labor. There is ample scope for establishing cottage industries based on goat meat and milk products and value addition to skin and fiber.
Looking at scope & promotion of goat rearing in Jharkhand, BIRVA introduced goat development programme in 8 districts of Jharkhand under the sponsorship of two agencies:
- 20 cluster goat project is sponsored by Dept. of AH & Fisheries Govt. of Jharkhand. The project is implemented in six districts of Jharkhand.
- SDTT Goat Project: The project is sponsored by Sir Darobji Tata Trust. The project is implemented in two districts of Jharkhand.
|20 Cluster Goat Project
||SDTT Goat Project
|No. of Centers
||No. of Centers
|No. of Beneficiary
||No. of Beneficiary
Goat Project Area
Services provided by the organisation under the project are as follows:
- Distribution of Black Bengal Breeding Buck
- Vaccination & Deworming
- Capacity Building of Goat Keepers, Field Guides
- Promotion of Buck by Weight Method